Ideally, one would like to be able to check such accounts against contemporary evidence Kafih Jerusalem, 1984 , ch
Moreover, many of them provide evidence of embellishment and invention that were introduced to serve the purposes of political or religious apologetic Peter Teed 1992 , p

كم كان عمر الرسول عندما توفي

"Muhmmad," Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim world• These sources contain internal complexities, anachronisms, discrepancies, and contradictions.

19
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وفاة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم
5, "One major challenge to examining initial contacts between Byzantium and the early Muslim umma arises from the controversy surrounding the traditional Islamic account
وفاة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم
however, there is no relevant archaeological, epigraphic, or numismatic evidence dating from the time of Muhammad, nor are there any references to him in non-Muslim sources dating from the period before 632 Ideally, one would like to be able to check such accounts against contemporary evidence
"Muhmmad," Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim world• Seeing Islam as others saw it: a survey and evaluation of Christian, Jewish, Robert G sources are not contemporaneous with the events they purport to relate and sometimes were written many centuries later

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See, for example, Bowersock, Glen Warren, Peter Robert Lamont Brown and Oleg Grabar Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World 1999, Harvard University Press p.

هل ذكر القرآن تاريخ وفاة النبي الكريم ؟
597, which notes that many of the details surrounding Muhammad's life as given in the biographies, are "problematic in certain respects, the most important of which is that they represent a tradition of living narrative that is likely to have developed orally for a considerable period before it was given even a relatively fixed written form
كم كان عمر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عند وفاته؟ : u/Baynoonanet
The Bustan al-Ukul, by Nathanael ibn al-Fayyumi, edited and translated by David Levine, Columbia University Oriental Studies Vol
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